The friar, Father Juan Abreu de Galindo, recalls in his "History of the Discovery and Conquest of the Seven Islands of Gran Canaria", that the pre-historic people of the Canary Islands, the Guanches, believed that the devil appeared at nights in the form of a "Shock Dog", a large, shaggy dog, also known as Tibicenas (in Canaria), Irnene (in La Palma) and Guacanchas. Tibicenas were demons with the bodies of great wild dogs with red eyes, covered in long black wool, and living in deep caves inside the mountains.
Although we recognise these stories, the beliefs, gods and demons, to be part of the cultural heritage of the people of the Canaries, we also know it is possible for a large, shaggy dog to live well on the Canary Islands, and in particular La Palma. In the north-west corner of La Palma, a small number of dog-lovers breed the long-haired dogs called Pastor Garafiano. These dogs are in no way related to ancient stories of demons, but are rather a more recent product and look like a cross between a Collie and a German Shepherd.
The Pastor Garafiano is sometimes called a Spanish Collie but, because of its build, it is unclear if the link to the collie is realistic. Some say that there are only a very few pure examples of this beautiful breed to be found today because of interbreeding with other breeds in the 20th century, for instance with the German Shepherd and Scots Collie. There is also a theory that all Garafianos with pointed ears are cross-breeds but, since most Garafianos today have pointed ears, rather than floppy ears, this view is not popular. There are also Garafianos with short hair, but the long-haired types are more numerous, and more appreciated.
Breed Origin: Old island breed crossed with Spanish dogs
Registered breed: Yes
Registered since: 1982
Breed Association: Asosiación Española del Perro Pastor Garafiano. C/ O'Dally, 31 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma.
Name: Perro Pastor Garafiano
Classification: Recognised breed
Domestication status: Domesticated
Main residence: The breed developed on the island of La Palma although examples have travelled to other islands, and overseas
Main purpose: 1. Shepherd 2. Companion
Year of measurement: 1996
Total Population: 900
No of male dogs: 800
Number of bitches: 100
Population status: Increasing
% of bitches bred with pure males : 95%
The Pastor Garafiano
The Pastor Garafiano breed is used mostly for the protection and herding of the local goats, Cabra Palmera. Must be capable of working for long durations and travelling great distances. They are adaptable, self-confident and intelligent, can move quickly and are capable of much activity.
The breed is docile, calm, vigilant, easy to train and makes an excellent watchdog and family friend. He is good with children and with other dogs; an attentive and friendly dog.
Medium to large dog. The hindquarters are usually 1-3 cm higher than the shoulders. Relatively short neck and fine head compared to the body, which is usually strongly built. The body is long and robust, not too short and with a deep, broad chest and slightly arched ribs. The nose always black and the eyes brown. Slightly arched forehead, the ears well behind on the head, hanging or slightly raised. Long, thick coat with woolly undercoat. The soles of the feet are thick and strong
The tail is long and sabre shaped. drooped when the dog is at rest and lightly curled when the dog is in motion
Weight of adult male (average, in Kilo's): 28-35
Weight of adult bitch (average, in Kilo's): 24-30
Height male (average, in CM): 57-64
Height bitch (average, in CM): 55-62
Colour: Brown/yellow ("lion coloured"), yellow, grey
Special qualities of the breed:
The breed is very well adapted to steep mountains.
Extremely beautiful sheepdog, very intelligent, true and sensitive. Very good with children.